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گروه کتابخوانی هرمس - "نا"میرا
1395/04/20

"نا"میرا

   نوشته شده توسط: پریسا گل محمّدی    

"... می توانند آدم را وادار به گفتن هرچیزی بکنند، اما نمی توانند وادارش کنند که باورش کند. نمی توانند به درون وارد شوند..."

از متن کتاب 1984

داستان بلندی است که در مختصرترین حجم ممکن، نمودار جامعه ای غرق در خفقان و "عدالت" است! اما عدالتی به معنای "یکسان بودن همه چیز".
نویسنده آخرالزمانی را ترسیم می کند که در آن بعد فردی معنایی ندارد و حکومتی با محوریت سوسیالیست ،که کوچک ترین حالات و رفتار ساکنینش زیرذره بین قدرت ثبت و اصلاح می شود، در آن ریشه دوانده است. این جا است که قدرت وسیله نیست; هدف است. هنگامی که محوریت جمع باشد، ارزش ها متفاوت خواهند بود
. تا جایی که :"...به تو یاد خواهند داد که هر وقت تنها شدی از ترس فریاد بکشی، یاد خواهند داد که مثل بدبخت ها به دیوار بچسبی، یاد خواهند داد که به پای رفقایت بیافتی و کمی گرمای بشری گدایی کنی. یادت خواهند داد که بخواهی دوستت بدارند، بخواهی قبولت داشته باشند، بخواهی شریکت باشند..."
فرد در این جامعه همواره با سوالاتی بی جواب همراه است. چیزی از گذشته به یاد نمی آورد و برای آینده نیز برنامه ای ندارد. همه چیز از پیش تعیین شده است و کاری جز اطاعت از کسی ساخته نیست: جنبشی حتی یک نفره، در نطفه خفه می شود.
میرا حدودا بیست سال بعد از چاپ اثر ارزشمند "1984" به قلم جورج اورول منتشر شد و از جنبه های مختلف بسیار مشابه هم هستند. میرا شاید نسخه ی فشرده شده ی 1984 باشد
; با بیانی ضعیف تر و توصیفاتی مختصر که بی پرده تر از 1984 نگاشته شده است. اما هردوی آن ها یک دنیا را مجسم می کنند و عمدا خواننده را از تصور آن فضا بیزار می کنند; در بطن هردو، یک بی هویتی و یک شکل قانون شکنی و آزادی خواهی موج می زند.
شاید از دسته کتاب هایی باشند که بررسی جملات و ظرافت های ادبی آن ها برایم کم اهمیت است. چرا که خود موضوع آن قدر رعب انگیز است که در هر بخش آن سوال هایی ذهنم را آزار می دهد و نگرانم می کند. درگیر شدن با این که حق کدام است:  "کشتن مردم به خاطر داشتن اندیشه ای متفاوت وحشت آور نبود. مایه ی وحشت این بود که حرفشان راست باشد." یا سوال کردن راجع به این که اگر این اتفاق بیفتد، چه بر سرمان خواهد آمد و شاید نگران کننده تر این که اگر در حال حاضر گرفتار آن شده باشیم چه؟!!
اما نکته ای که در هیچ کدام از این دو کتاب به آن پرداخته نشده (با توجه به همان گنگ بودن گذشته و پاک شدن آن از ذهن مردم) این است که چطور این اتفاق افتاده است. چه روندی طی شده؟ انقلابی به یک باره یا یک فرآیند تحمیلی تدریجی؟ یافتن پاسخ این سوال، می تواند برای آگاهی و جلوگیری از رخ دادن فاجعه ای مشابه در جامعه و ذهنمان، حیاتی باشد. یا شاید مقابله با این رخداد و دفاع از هویت فردی با نیروی جمعی (آن هم جمعی بی اطلاع ساکن مثل خودمان) امری ایده آل و دور از ذهن باشد و تن دادن به آن، منطقی تر...

"تا آگاه نشده اند، هیچ گاه عصیان نمی کنند و تا عصیان نکنند، نمی توانند آگاه شوند."       1984
"چون دیگر آینده ای ندارند، از گذشته حرف می زنند. وقتی خیلی دویده باشیم و نفسمان بند آمده باشد، برمی گردیم و راهی را که دویده ایم اندازه می گیریم."       میرا      


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